Shanghai is an exceptional case - and the [PISA] results there are close to what I expected. But what surprised me more [in China] were the results from poor provinces that came out really well. The levels of resilience are just incredible. In China, the idea is so deeply rooted that education is the key to mobility and success.
Earlier in the year, Dirk van Damme, the OECD’s head of educational research, said of Scotland: “Too many leave school without qualifications or skills that matter in the labour market.”
He invited Scotland to take stock.
"An egalitarian education culture is definitely not enough," Mr van Damme said.
"The egalitarian and optimistic education culture in Scotland may even help to conceal the real issues," he said.
Ministers hope improvements may come from an inquiry into what teachers are taught.